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Grew up in farm and ranch life about 70 miles west of Fort Worth, Texas near the small community of Perrin. Did undergraduate degree at Wayland Baptist University in Plainview, Texas (BA, 1964) and masters (MDiv, 1968) / doctorate (ThD, 1975) at Southwestern Baptist Seminary in Ft. Worth. Taught Koine Greek and New Testament at SWBTS 1974-1997. Then taught at Gardner-Webb University in Boiling Springs, NC (1998-2008). Pastored the IBC Baptist Church in Cologne Germany (2008-2010) before retiring and moving to Santa Ana, Costa Rica, where Claire and I now live.

Saturday, March 24, 2018

SIN uncovered in our world.

Finally after much travail and slow as cold molasses progress, the volume 9 BIC commentary is advancing at a step the Romans commentary with 156 pages of commentary on chapters two and three of Romans. It is now posted at under the BIC commentary, volume 09, section 01:Rom 2:1-3:20

The central theme of these two chapters of scripture text is "sin." They continue the discussion of a pagan world and God turning loose of it, which is found in 1:18-32. But in chapters two and three the focus is upon the religious person who feels himself superior to these pagans because of his religious habits. Such postures constitute sin which brings down the wrath of God. 

Paul begins with an emphasis upon God's wrath on Judgment Day (2:1-11). Doing the Law rather than possessing it is what matters before God (2:12-16). Even some pagans have a sense of morality matching that in the Torah. This pericope slides the discussion on to the main target of elitism: the pious Jew who felt secure before God because of his having been circumcised and having possession of God's Torah. First in 2:25-29, stress is given about genuine circumcision verses physical circumcision. Then in 3:1-20, the religious situation of the Jewish people is presented. It climaxes with the contention that the ground before God's throne is level for both Gentile and Jew. God will treat both the same way. His wrath will fall on all who ignore His demands -- both Jew and Gentile alike.

The discussion on sin will continue into chapters four, five, and six, but with different angles being presented. Paul never gives a specific definition of sin. Instead, he paints a dramatic 3 dimensional portrait of sin as both a deadly disease impacting us inwardly and also leading to misbehavior in what we do and say. Sin touches humanity both inwardly and outwardly. 

This perspective stands in strong contrast to most of humanity's ideas about sin. We usually stress only deeds and then seek to water down the seriousness of our favorite sinful deeds. In the process we ignore the critical inner issue of sin's stranglehold grip on our life inside out. The apostle had come to the realization of sin as a malicious virus saturating our inner self. That problem must be solved first, and then the outward behavior can be solved. 

In these first six chapters of Romans you will find the most detailed discussion of sin and evil anywhere in the entire Bible. It deserves our most careful attention. Understanding sin from the apostle's perspective will unlock doors of fresh, correct understanding of the cross / resurrection, how to live the Christian life biblically, and what to anticipate on Judgment Day and beyond. 
The file containing the commentary on chaps. 2 and 3 is formatted in the pdf format. Your computer should have a pdf reader installed on it; most come with one pre-installed these days. If not, I recommend the Adobe Acrobat Reader which is free at Caution! The version of the pdf file used is the current one. PDF Readers that are several year old most likely will not load this file. 

Monday, June 19, 2017

A Curious Adventure into Unexpected Places
Posted now at in the bio section of the website is the homepage for the latest project sparked by a commitment to present the story of ministry over my life from 1941 through 2017. I've entitled it LIFE JOURNEY IN MINISTRY. The project, when completed, will present my life story in a) video clips (3 parts of about 10 minutes each); b) Power Point Presentation format (14 slides); c) PDF file containing sound clips and narrative texts; and d) PDF file containing only narrative texts. The two pdf files also contain the Adobe 'sticky notes' which explain several of the pictures in the slides.
God has done countless unexpected things in the over half century of Gospel ministry both in the US and outside it in Europe and Central America. Virtually none of them could I have even imagined as a youngster growing up in rural west Texas. 
My hope is that this story provides readers with encouragement and inspiration to just turn loose and let God take you wherever He chooses. You will never regret giving him control over your life. 

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

The first chapter of Romans in the BIC volume 9 is now posted and available as a 120 page commentary on vv. 16-32. This is the first segment of the commentary on the entire letter of Paul to the church at Rome. The pdf file is available at in the Biblical Insights Commentary series: 

Click on volume 9 in order to gain access to this pdf file. When Paul lays out the details of τὸ εὐαγγέλιον at the beginning of the letter body in verse 16, he begins by painting the dark picture of the depravity of rebellious humanity. It's an exceedingly dark picture that is presented. But it is also essential for good news as τὸ εὐαγγέλιον takes on its meaning with this backdrop and foundation. The apostle gives a portrait not just of depravity in his day but depravity across the centuries of human history, including our own. Along with his original readers in the ancient city of Rome, we desperately need to hear this message in our world today. 

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Rom. 1:1-7 Praescriptio now in BIC

BIC Volume 9: Rom. 1:1-7, Praescriptio

The 38 page commentary in pdf format on the first seven verses of Paul's Letter to the Romans is now available online in the Biblical Insights Commentary series in volume nine at 
Paul's opening of the letter of introduction to the Christian community at Rome is both traditional and highly creative. Traditional in that he follows his standard format in the Praescriptio that is found in all his letters. And this represents a creative adaptation of the standard Greek letter Praescriptio found in thousands of extent letters from this era. 
But very creative in the expansion elements that are developed off the core expressions. They center on the εὐαγγέλιον θεοῦ, as well as the themes of κλητὸς / κλητοὶ and χάρις.

1 Παῦλος
        δοῦλος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ, 
        κλητὸς ἀπόστολος 
  • ἀφωρισμένος εἰς εὐαγγέλιον θεοῦ, ὃ προεπηγγείλατο διὰ τῶν προφητῶν αὐτοῦ ἐν γραφαῖς ἁγίαις περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ τοῦ γενομένου ἐκ σπέρματος Δαυὶδ κατὰ σάρκα, τοῦ ὁρισθέντος υἱοῦ θεοῦ ἐν δυνάμει κατὰ πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης ἐξ ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν, Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν, διʼ οὗ ἐλάβομεν χάριν καὶ ἀποστολὴν εἰς ὑπακοὴν πίστεως ἐν πᾶσιν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν ὑπὲρ τοῦ ὀνόματος αὐτοῦ,  
  • ἐν οἷς ἐστε καὶ ὑμεῖς κλητοὶ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,

 7 πᾶσιν τοῖς οὖσιν ἐν Ῥώμῃ  
            ἀγαπητοῖς θεοῦ, 
            κλητοῖς ἁγίοις, 

χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη 
  • ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.

Tuesday, December 27, 2016

2017 Anticipations

2017 Anticipations

 At the end of December we face a new year. Never in my 75 years have I indulged in making resolutions for the coming year. Instead, an ongoing commitment to faithfully serve the Lord moment by moment has been my sole objective. Clearly now I am nearing the end of my earthly journey, and I am excited about the possibility of it happening during the 75th year of my earthly existence. I have felt for several decades that 75 years would bring to completion of the Lord's work through the ministry He gave me in the 1950s. 
As I look at what is happening and about to happen in the land of my birth, profound apprehension looms heavily before me. The insane election of an anti-Christ figure to lead the government of the US bodes nothing but exploding corruption, unbridled materialistic greed, and a narcissistic godlessness settling over the US like a poisonous smog. Perhaps the saddest part is the brain washed professing Christians who have become enslaved to this insanity, much like conservative Christianity was swept up into Nazism in the Germany of the 1920s and 30s by similar deceptive propaganda. 

The prospect of a trip to Heaven before enduring much of this chaos cheers my heart greatly. And even if that trip is delayed awhile, another alternative move is beginning come into place. And that is to Lake Chapala, Mexico. Before moving to Costa Rica in 2010, we were seriously considering a move to this expat center of over 100,000 US retirees. The standard of living there is higher than in the US but for about a third of the cost. Perhaps now, that will come to pass. It all depends on the Lord's leading in what He has in store for us.  
But wherever the Lord takes us in 2017, one thing is certain: we will remain unrelentingly true to our commitment to Christ. That means continual work on the BIC commentary series and expansion of And it also means passionate activism for biblical based values of righteousness, justice, and respect of all people.
So Claire and I step into 2017 with much uncertainty in the world around us and for what may happen during the year. But this is not the basis of our confidence for the future. The Lord alone will guide us and take us in His paths of service and ministry until our heavenly home going!

Friday, December 23, 2016

Christmas 2016 means that we have lived in San Angelo, Texas for one year, after moving from Santa Ana, Costa Rica. For the most part the year has been enjoyable. 
The Baptist Retirement Community has provided us a delightful duplex apartment that we have thoroughly enjoyed. The staff have been very helpful to assist us in the transition into retirement living. A multitude of activities and services are available here. We have made many new friends, as well as renewed friendships from earlier times. 
But even more enjoyable for us has been our church, the Southland Baptist Church, in San Angelo. Although a larger congregation, we have found an atmosphere of friendliness, compassion, limitless missionary commitment, and just a warm spiritual presence of God. The senior pastor, Dr. Taylor Sandlin, is a superb preacher and pastor. As well, the rest of the staff are extraordinarily talented and committed. Our Sunday School class matches the church in these qualities and we thoroughly enjoy our teacher, Joanne Rice, and the excellent leadership she provides to the group of around 50 class members. 
Our health, and particularly mine, has been the dark side of our experience during the past year. Claire continues to wrestle with asthma and allergy issues after being largely free of them since we moved from Texas to North Carolina in December of 1997. And other age based challenges have surfaced as well during 2016. Yet, in spite of all these, she has developed a real ministry here as the center librarian and photographer. Additionally, a pastoral ministry of sorts has emerged to several of the elderly widows, some of whom do not have family close by. She visits these ladies weekly to offer help and encouragement. 
For me, the health issues have exploded to such a point that not just the limited sleep at night is my fate but spending the better part of virtually every day in bed has also become mandatory. Walking is becoming increasingly limited to very short distances. Thus the majority of my time is spent confined to the apartment with a few occasional treks to eat out and help Claire get groceries, plus church on Sundays. At the root cause behind my problems stands the poisonous American medicines that I have been prescribed. The different doctors kept piling on new medicines until mid summer when it reached a high of 18 separate medicines that I was supposed to take daily. At this point I balked completely at continuing this and after convincing my general doctor and the endocrinologist of the impossibility of continuing this we began eliminating different medicines. We are now down to 8 and have a couple or so more yet to go over the next few months. With the elimination of each medicine, slight improvement in my health as surfaced. 
Of course, the really black cloud over this year has been the insane stupidity of the American voting public in falling for the lies and deception of Donald Trump. While the rest of the world has watched in utter shock at how gullible the Americans are, the reincarnation of the Nazi Germany of the 1920s and 30s has been set in motion in the US. Claire and I have taken a passionate stand against this evil that completely denies every value that Christ stands for. Interestingly we have discovered here a goodly number of like minded individuals here in the sea of red that Texas reflects. Thus rays of light and hope do manage to penetrate the dark, dreary clouds of fascism settling in over the US.
The main bright spot for me, with all of the physical limitations I'm facing during these days, is the continuing ministry of Work has continued on writing the extensive commentary on the New Testament through the Biblical Insights Commentary. A 373 page commentary on Second Corinthians was completed as volume 11 in the BIC series and this provided a finalized template for the remaining volumes in the series. The next project is already underway with an extensive commentary on Romans in preparation. Simultaneously this means progress on THE APOSTLE PAUL: SERVANT OF CHRIST project, now over 1,500 pages in length. A couple of devotional articles will be published by a major US religious publisher in 2017 that were written this year. The activism through several social media outlets has really expanded with close to a thousand people globally connected up with me for interaction. Thus Gospel ministry continues for me in spite of all the physical limitations. For that I am profoundly grateful to God.
Thus Christmas 2016 somewhat mirrors the world that Jesus was born into at the beginning of the Christian era.  Politically it was an overwhelmingly depressing time for Jewish peasants whose sincere faith found divine favor. Into the deep darkness of that moment came the incarnate God as an infant born to poverty stricken Jewish peasants. Angels and despised, fringe living shepherds, however, celebrated His birth with indescribable joy and hope for the future. And even foreigners from the East searched out the young Jesus afterwards to honor him as the promised Messiah. The 'in crowd' missed it completely. But many on the edge of society 'got it' totally. So those in our day pushed to the fringes of modern society have a source of hope and encouragement. Just as for Jesus and his family who faced many, many challenges in the coming years after Jesus' birth, so do we in our day. But we will face them in the same faith surrender of Mary and Joseph. 
Thus to our many friends around the world we say, 
     "Frohe Weihnachten und genießen Sie eine herrliche Weihnachtszeit."
     "Feliz Navidad y puede disfrutar de unas maravillosas vacaciones."
     "Joyeux Noël et vous pouvez profiter d'une merveilleuse saison des fêtes."
     "Merry Christmas and may you enjoy a marvelous holiday season."


Monday, November 28, 2016

BIC Volume 11: Second Corinthians now available in numerous formats

All of the materials relating to volume eleven on Second Corinthians are now posted in the BIC commentary series at The best place to begin is with the HELP page for volume eleven which explains both the options as well as provides some background information. The hyperlink is in the Volume 11 text in the homepage for volume eleven.
Instructions on the use of volume eleven is available in html, video clip, power point, and pdf formats. Just click on the desired format. The video clip has audition as well as visual presentation.

Although the work in creating the 373 page commentary on Second Corinthians took a long time and was filled with very tedious effort, the personal impact on my life through developing this material has been immense. I have come to appreciate how Paul handled conflict in the church at Corinth, especially when much of it was directed against him by some in the Corinthian Christian community. His example of aggressively responding to distortion and deception by professing Christians has much to teach us as Christians in our chaotic world today.