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Monday, November 28, 2016

BIC Volume 11: Second Corinthians now available in numerous formats

All of the materials relating to volume eleven on Second Corinthians are now posted in the BIC commentary series at The best place to begin is with the HELP page for volume eleven which explains both the options as well as provides some background information. The hyperlink is in the Volume 11 text in the homepage for volume eleven.
Instructions on the use of volume eleven is available in html, video clip, power point, and pdf formats. Just click on the desired format. The video clip has audition as well as visual presentation.

Although the work in creating the 373 page commentary on Second Corinthians took a long time and was filled with very tedious effort, the personal impact on my life through developing this material has been immense. I have come to appreciate how Paul handled conflict in the church at Corinth, especially when much of it was directed against him by some in the Corinthian Christian community. His example of aggressively responding to distortion and deception by professing Christians has much to teach us as Christians in our chaotic world today. 

Saturday, November 12, 2016


What is the best way to finish up a writing project? In our modern western culture the usual answer is to write a CONCLUSION (Schlussfolgerung; Conclusión; Conclusion) in which a summary of the key ideas are repeated in brief expression (Zusammenfassung; Resumen; Résumé). Another possibility is for the Conclusion to be an application of the relevance of the article (Anwendung; Solicitud; Application). 

In the ancient letter writing  pattern which Paul follows in his letters inside the New Testament, none of the above patterns are followed. Instead, most every one of the many thousands of still existing letters out of Paul's world contains a Conclusio element at the end. The content of this ending of the letter could vary widely, but a few items almost always would be included. Especially for Paul both a Greetings and a Benedictio were inserted always. Several other items are found in his canonical letters which vary according to the situation behind each letter. Yet, he always said hello to his readers and offered a concluding prayer for the grace of Christ to be upon his readers. The Greetings were important due to the critical importance of φιλία connections being maintained, and the benediction due to the concluding of the Christian assembly with a closing prayer in following the example of the Jewish synagogue Friday evening gatherings. 

The Conclusio of Second Corinthians is both typical and unique among those in Paul's letters. Available now is the 21 page exegesis of 2 Cor. 13:11-13, the Conclusio of Second Corinthians. It is found in the BIC commentary series, volume 11 on Second Corinthians, at  At the end you will find a summary application of chapters 10-13 of the commentary. Enjoy!  

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Here at the beginning of November we are entering the holiday season where many people travel to visit family and friends. Lots of time and effort is put into getting ready to receive visitors. In the final segment of the BIBLICAL INSIGHTS commentary on Second Corinthians, volume 11, the impending third visit of Paul to the church at Corinth is discussed in 12:14 - 13:10. Τρίτον τοῦτο ἔρχομαι πρὸς ὑμᾶς. This third time I am coming to you. (13:1) With this indication, the basic objective of the entire letter is achieved, and especially his defense of his ministry in chapters 10-13. For the Corinthians, Paul was in a love / hate relationship. Most in the community respected him as a divinely called messenger of God, but several hated him passionately. Why? Because Paul insisted on genuine faith surrender to Christ that rejected the tendency to culturally corrupt the Gospel. In his appearance, Paul didn't look or act like a leader. That is, a standard Greco-Roman take charge kind of leader who could be idolized as a heroic figure. Besides, individuals from the Christian community in Judea had arrived in Corinth and questioned Paul's claims as an apostle. Chapters 10-13 contain the apostle's eloquent defense of the kind of ministry he had given to the church at Corinth. It wasn't impressive when viewed from the standards of leadership in the world of non-Christian Corinth. But it was a Christ centered ministry of humble surrender to the will of God.  Paul's ingenious way of defending the God centered ministry challenges all of us today to examine how much our culture shapes our religious thinking rather than the revelation of God in the Bible. This 32 page study will unpack Paul's thinking about ministry.